What Is Osteoarthritis & Its Treatments?

March 10, 2018

What Is Osteoarthritis & Its Treatments?

Derrick Szuszkiel

Affecting millions worldwide, osteoarthritis is the most common form of joint disease. Over time, the cartridge in our joints begins to degenerate – the smooth becomes rough, irritated and inflamed. It wears down and eventually, the bones will begin to rub on each other with the result being stiff and painful joints. It commonly affects the hips, spine, knees, and fingers.

Preventative Treatment:   

What is osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis is generally the result of advancing age, but other factors like a person’s genetics, weight, and occupation are also known to increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis. Fortunately, there are many things you can do to slow joint degradation and even repair cartridge.

Frequent Exercise

Weight is a considerable risk factor when it comes to joint health because the more weight you carry on your body, the more stress it puts on your knees, hips, and back.

Exercise addresses this problem in two ways: one, it helps you regulate your weight, two, exercise strengthens the muscles around the joints which can help reduce cartage breakdown.

In a study done with older, obese participants, they reported improved mobility and pain reduction from moderate weight loss through diet and exercise.

Healthy Diet

Another way to prevent osteoarthritis is a healthy diet. It manages your weight and contributes useful compounds to protect your joints.

Meat, Fish, Nuts, and Seeds

Protein is needed to maintain skeletal muscle, and if you can rely on lean protein like chicken, fish, legumes, and pulses, you can help your heart and your joints.

Fatty fish such as salmon, sardines, and trout have a lot of omega3 which reduces inflammation.

Nuts and seeds are also good sources of protein plus they are calorically dense and full of omega3.

Colourful Fruits and Vegetables

As well as having dietary fibre, vitamins, and minerals, fruits & vegetables have antioxidants to neutralize free radicals to slow genetic degradation.  

They also contain flavonoids which are compounds synthesized in plants. Early research suggests that flavonoids can be helpful in treating arthritis.

Another helpful compound found in the more colourful berries, most notably cherries, is anthocyanin. This compound has anti-inflammatory properties which can potentially relieve arthritis symptoms.

Research has emerged that broccoli has a special compound in it called sulforaphane which slows down cartilage degradation. Sulforaphane was already known to have anti-inflammatory properties, but the research shows that it also blocks enzymes that cause cartilage degradation.

Osteoarthritis Medications

When it comes to managing pain caused by arthritis there are a number of non-prescription drugs you can take. However, these medicines can have serious side effects if instructions and dosages are not properly followed.


These are groups of drugs designed to provide analgesia which means relief from pain. Generally, this group includes acetaminophen and is meant to treat mild to moderate levels of pain.

Acetaminophen is a common additive in many over-the-counter analgesics, but taking large amounts of acetaminophen can potentially lead to acute liver damage.

Alternative Therapies

For those who are concerned about the side effects of taking pills and don’t want to do something drastic like joint replacement surgery, there are alternatives to help soothe your arthritis pain.


Although it is simple, warm water really helps relieve arthritis pain. Water suspends the joints removing excess pressure while the warmth loosens them. It is also advisable to do some light stretching while submerged to further loosen the joints.


Although there is limited evidence to prove that acupuncture is more than just a placebo, many do find it effective as an alternative for pain relief. Luckily in Canada, acupuncture is covered by most insurance companies, but it is best to check with your provider to see if this is covered.

Marine Collagen

Collagen makes up 30% of your bodies protein. It provides the necessary structure to joints, skin, bones, organs, and tendons. Unfortunately, as we age, we produce progressively less collagen and our tissues repair less efficiently.

Taking high-quality collagen can replenish lost cartilage, improving joint function, decreasing pain and increasing mobility. However, not all collagen’s are created equal.

Research shows that small molecule size (average of 1,000 Daltons) collagen peptides are more effective at relieving pain associated with osteoarthritis than large molecule peptides. This is because the small molecules are absorbed more efficiently and effectively for greater collagen amounts delivered to your tissues.

DeepMarine collagen peptides are 3-5 times smaller than similar products. The ultra-small molecules are more readily absorbed through the gut lining and move into the bloodstream. Greater absorption means extra-strength results and better value for money.

If you’re looking for an extra strength long-term solution that is 100% natural, give DeepMarine collagen a try.

Was this article informative? Did it answer your question on what is osteoarthritis? have any other questions or suggestions? If so, feel free to drop a comment below.